What is Polio?
Polio is also known by other name which is commonly known as poliomyelitis, which comes from the Greek term for grey and marrow that refers to the spinal cord. Poliomyelitis, condensed, became polio. For a time, polio was known as infantile paralysis, although it did not affect only the young.
Polio is a contagious viral illness that in its most unadorned form causes paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death. Today, despite a concerted global eradication operation, poliovirus continues to disturb children and adults.
Polio (poliomyelitis) is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus. It attacks the nervous system and can be a cause for irreversible paralysis in a matter of hours. Polio can strike at any age, but it mostly affects children under the age of five years old mostly comes under this virus.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guides taking safety measures to protect against polio if you’re traveling anywhere there’s a risk of polio.
If you are a previously vaccinated adult who is planning to travel to an area where polio is occurring, you should collect a booster dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV). Immunity after a booster dose lasts a lifetime.
Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a crippling and possibly deadly infectious disease. It is caused by the poliovirus. The virus mostly spreads from person to person and can attack an infected person’s brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis (can’t move parts of the body).
Causes of Polio
The poliovirus resides only in humans and enters the environment in the feces of someone who’s already infected. Poliovirus spreads primarily through the fecal-oral route, especially in areas where cleanliness is insufficient.
Poliovirus can be transmitted through contaminated water and food or through direct contact with somebody already infected with the virus. Polio is so spreadable that anyone living with a recently infected person is likely to become sick, too. People carrying the poliovirus can spread the virus for weeks in their feces. In paralytic polio, the virus leaves the gastrointestinal tract, enters the bloodstream, and then attacks nerve cells. Less than one to two percent of people who contract polio become paralyzed. In mostly cases, the throat and chest might be paralyzed. Death might result if the patient does not get artificial breathing support.
Symptoms of Non paralytic Polio
• Back pain or stiffness
• Neck pain or stiffness
• Sore throat
• Pain or stiffness in the arms or legs
• Muscle weakness or tenderness
Symptoms of Paralytic Polio
• Loss of reflexes
• Unadorned muscle aches or weakness
• Loose and floppy limbs habitually inferior on one side of the body
Symptoms of Post-Polio Syndrome
• Liberal muscle or weakness of joint and pain
• General fatigue and tiredness after minimal activity
• Muscle atrophy
• Breathing or swallowing difficulties
• Sleep-related breathing sicknesses, such as sleep apnea
• Decreased lenience of cold temperatures
• Cognitive difficulties, such as concentration and memory problems
• Depression or mood strikes
Treatments of Polio
Since no cure for polio exists, the focus is on increasing comfort, speeding retrieval and preventing problems. Supportive treatments comprise:
• Massaging with Oil
• Pain relievers
• Movable ventilators to contribution breathing
• Reasonable exercise to prevent malformation and loss of muscle function
• Bed rest
• A healthful diet full of nutrients
Polio can be stopped through vaccination. Polio vaccine, given multiple times, almost always protects a child for life.
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