A cough is defined as the body’s way of responding to irritants in your throat and airways. It is an important way in keeping your gullet and airways clear. However, too much coughing means that you have a disease or disorder. An irritant stimulates nerves to send a cough instinct to your brain. The brain signals the muscles of your abdomen and wall of chest to give a strong push of air to the lungs that try to expel the irritant. Coughs have distinctive traits that you can learn to identify. A cough is only a symptom, not a disease, and frequently the importance of your cough can be determined only when other symptoms are evaluated.
An occasional cough is common and healthy. A cough that continues for several weeks or one which carries up discolored or bloody mucus might indicate an underlying disorder that needs medical attention. A cough rarely needs emergency care.
In general, a cough that lasts for less than three weeks is an acute cough.
A cough that remains between four and eight weeks, improving by the end of that period, is known as sub-acute cough.
A determined cough which lasts for more than eight weeks is known as chronic cough.
Most cough chapter’s clears up, or at least considerably improves, within two or less weeks. If you cough up bloody or have a “barking” cough, than in case you should consult to your doctor. Any cough which has not improved after a few weeks might be serious and thoughtful in case you should see a doctor.
Causes of Cough
Common causes contain:
• Allergies which include the nose or sinuses
• Common cold and flu
• Asthma and COPD
• Chronic bronchitis
• Lung infections like pneumonia or acute bronchitis
Other causes contain:
• ACE inhibitors – a medication used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, or kidney diseases
• Cigarette smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
• Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD)
• Lung cancer
• Lung disease such as interstitial lung or bronchiectasis disease
Symptoms of Cough
• You can have severe trouble in breathing.
• Your cough carries blood.
• High fever.
• Cough more deeply or more frequently, particularly if you notice more mucus or a modification in the color of your mucus.
• You do not get better as estimated.
• Can have new symptoms, such as a sore throat, an earache, or sinus pain.
Self-treatment for Cough
A cough that results from a virus cannot be treated with antibiotics. You can, though, soothe it in the subsequent ways:
• Keep hydrated by drinking plenty of warm water
• Raise your head with extra pillows while sleeping
• Use cough drops to calm your throat
• Gargle with hot salt water regularly to remove mucus
• Avoid irritants, comprising smoke and dust.
Treatments of Cough
Cough Care – a cough syrup is an effective and natural treatment in treating coughs like chronic or acute, allergic coughs, smokers cough, whooping cough, bronchitis, tonsillitis, dry and productive cough etc. it is also used in asthma.